Freedom

Citizen Kane

Orson Welles first gained national notoriety with his astounding radio broadcast on October 30, 1938.  Radio was the big deal back then and Welles conceived a retelling, of sorts, of the H.G. Welles classic, ‘War of the Worlds’.   In his adaptation for radio, Welles broke the sequence of events down into discrete parts – complete with sound effects and on-the-scene news reports of the invading aliens.

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Fascism

The Conformist

Adapted from a novel by Alberto Moravia, Bernardo Bertolucci’s The Conformist set new standards for how we deal with and respond to the demands of a tyrant.  Bertolucci seems to be equating the rise and fall of Italian Fascism, from the early 1920s until 1943, with the short, dreadful, very romantic life of Marcello (Jean-Louis Trintignant), a young man for whom conformity becomes a kind of obsession after a traumatic encounter in his youth.  Bertolucci appears to be aware the fact that the equation of politics with sex is extremely complex.  He has changed Moravia’s ending in such a way that the entire film is steeped in ambiguity.

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